Stages of Reading Development

  • Emergent Reader

    • knows that the text goes from left to right
    • can distinguish between lower case and upper case letters
    • can blend phonemes (letter sounds)
    • uses pictures for clues
    • retells a simple story which is read to them
    • recalls some details
    • knows names of letters
    • identifies consonant sounds at beginning and end of words
    • understands the difference between letters and words
    • notices and read environmental print
    • reads one word at a time - choppy
    • selects simple repetitious books
    • reads favorite books over and over
    • silent sustained reading 5 - 10 minutes
    • has the desire to be a fluent reader
    • enjoys retelling stories
    • makes predictions and tells why

    Early Reader

    • sequences events in story
    • tells main idea
    • makes predictions
    • identifies main characters
    • identifies setting
    • differentiates between fact and fiction
    • identifies high frequency words
    • some awareness of medial vowel sounds   
    • uses context clues
    • begins to self correct
    • understands the meaning of . ? !
    • pauses and uses appropriate inflection for punctuation
    • reads phrases
    • selects a variety of books
    • silent sustained reading 10 - 15 minutes
    • begins to feel confident when reading silently or orally

    Fluent Reader

    • recognizes plot of story
    • recognizes problem and solution in a story
    • evaluates character's actions or behaviors
    • uses a variety of clues to decode unfamiliar words
    • identifies blends, digraphs, dipthongs
    • applies vowel rules to sound out words
    • understands prefixes and suffixes
    • uses punctuation correctly
    • reads with expression
    • reads smoothly
    • selects a wide variety of books 
    • may select chapter books
    • silent sustained reading at least 20 minutes  
    • confident
    • enjoys sharing favorite books
    • enjoys challenges 
    • selects reading during free time
    • summarizes main events of a story

    Click here to read more about stages of reading development.